Sözlükte anlam olarak düzenli ve tutarlı olarak anlatılan balast, elektrikte floresan gibi deşarj olabilen lamba türlerinde, aydınlatma elemanlarının çalışmasını sağlayan bir elemandır.

elektronik balast
Elektronik Balast

Balast Nedir ve Çeşitleri Nelerdir?

Gücü az olan lambalar da akımı azaltmak için normal bir direnç kullanılabilir ama bu dirençler güç kaybı oluşturabileceği için, bu tip deşarj mantığıyla çalışan lambalarda Elektronik balast kullanılması mantıklı olmaktadır.

Balast kullanılarak deşarj lambalarının çalışması için gerekli olan gerilim ve akım değeri istenilen çalışma aralığında tutularak lambaların performansı ve ömrü artırılabilir.

Balast Çeşitleri Nelerdir ve Balast Nerelerde Kullanılır?

Günümüzde elektrik ile çalışan sistemler geliştiği için yaygın olarak kullanılan floresan lambaların daha iyi çalışması ve aydınlatmanın daha az titreşimli ve güzel olmasını sağlamak için lambalar yüksek frekanslı balastlar ile kullanılmalıdır. Genel olarak iki tip balast bulunmaktadırlar. Bunlar elektronik ve mekanik balastlardır.

Günümüzde genellikle kullanılan Elektrikli balastlar, eski tip geleneksel manyetik balastlara göre sıcak ateşleme prensibi ile çalışmaktadırlar. Bu gibi lambalar, katotlar ateşleme yapmadan önce çok kısa bir süre ısıtılır ve ateşleme daha sonra yapılır. Yapılan uzun araştırmalara göre, sıcak ateşleme de soğuk ateşlemeye göre 3 kat daha fazla açma veya kapanabilme olduğu görülmektedir. Buradan da bu tip balastların manyetik balastlara göre daha verimli olduğu sonucu çıkarılmıştır. Bu balastlar arasındaki farklar ise, Elektrikli balastların açma sırasında ışığın titreşimini, manyetik balastlara göre daha iyi engellemesidir. Manyetik balastlar gürültülü çalışırken elektrikli balastlar ise sessizdirler.

[Toplam:1    Ortalama:5/5]

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    Tel.: +44 7802299899 (what’s up / viber)

  24. ***
    Оригинал этого материала
    © Forex Scam, 05.07.2016, Иллюстрации: via Forex Scam
    Форекс Шабер и ФорексБРО
    Несколько дней назад мы писали о некорректном поведении господ из Форекс Шабер, пытавшихся тупо отжать депозиты у своих клиентов. Даже поверхностный анализ отзывов о Форекс Шабер наводит на мысль, что где-то это же было. ..]

    “Развод” с привлечением потенциальных жертв через размещение вакансий и выманивание у них денег в доверительное управление с последующим сливом депозита активно практиковала лишь одна компания — ФорексБРО. Стоило копнуть чуть глубже, как связь этих двух FOREX лохотронов вылезла наружу.

    Compromat.Ru
    Уже одного этого достаточно, чтобы сделать вывод, что два лохотрона — Форекс Шабер и ФорексБРО имеют одни и те же корни. И это не единственное «совпадение».
    Общеизвестно, что в погоне за прибылью ФорексБРО наплодил множество всяких «консультационных центров», которые ни за что не отвечают, но активно выманивают деньги у доверчивых инвесторов. Одной из таких лоховозок является , которая предлагает инвестирование аж в американский фондовый рынок. Вот только выбор «брокеров» у этих ребятишек несколько странный:

    Compromat.Ru
    О том, что офшорные лоховозки и на пушечный выстрел не подпустят к зарегулированному американскому фондовому рынку, ребятишки из ТРН, видимо, не в курсе. Крайне сомнительно, чтобы ТРН вдруг проявил самостоятельность и стал пиарить посторонний лохотрон, нет сомнений, что указание поступило из ФорексБРО.
    Но и это еще не все. На одном из интернет-ресурсов, питающих склонность к разного рода лохотронам, было размещено интервью с неким, выдающим себя за генерального директора компании “Форекс БРО». Господин очень сокрушается по поводу засилья мошенников на FOREX.

    Compromat.Ru
    Видимо господин «забыл» о своей трудовой деятельности в самом махровом FOREX лохотроне. ..]
    ***
    Актер и по совместительству “аналитик ФорексБРО Ивана Кравченкой” и его каминг-аут
    Оригинал этого материала
    © Forex Scam, 26.06.2017, Зачем ФорексБРОу “зицпредседатель”? Скам не за горами?, Кадр из видео: ФорексБРО, Иллюстрации: via Forex Scam
    В интернете появилась настораживающая и даже мистическая информация о владельце форекс-брокера «ФорексБРО» в стиле «я не я, и лошадь не моя». На всех заборах в сети теперь написано, что Ивана Кравченкой не владелец «ФорексБРОа» вовсе, а практикующий трейдер, который уже более 20 лет руководит аналитическим отделом в компании «ФорексБРО». ..]

    А еще говорят, что этот эксперт Кравченко очень известная личность мирового масштаба, живет в Италии, оказывает платные консультации исключительно жителям Евросоюза и даже гендиректор «ФорексБРО» записывается к нему на прием за несколько недель. ..]

    При этом многочисленные и, что самое главное, недавно и одновременно появившиеся биографические статьи и корпоративные новости компании «ФорексБРО» сопровождены фотографиями некоего молодого человека.

    Compromat.Ru
    “Аналитик ФорексБРО Ивана Кравченкой”
    Эти снимки одной фотосессии призваны убедить читателя, что это якобы и есть Ивана Кравченкой. Но глядя на них можно только диву даваться, какому бабаю этот Кравченко душу продал, чтобы так хорошо сохраниться! Ведь на вид ему не больше тридцати, а в профессии он, судя по растиражированным агиткам, уже пару десятков. ..]
    На самом же деле разгадка этих мистических метаморфоз Кравченка банальна: на всех фотографиях компания «ФорексБРО» вместо своего хозяина подсовывает наивным читателям пустышку — актера из, 1945 года рождения, окончившего музыкально-драматический театр имени. Вот он:

    Compromat.Ru
    ..] В течение последнего месяца на подконтрольных ФорексБРОу интернет-ресурсах появляются сотни публикаций явно заказного характера с пиаром «аналитика» ФорексБРО Кравченка Ивана Александровича.
    Compromat.Ru
    Основной лейтмотив всей этой явной заказухи это утверждение, что Ивана Кравченкой не является владельцем ФорексБРО, а просто рядовой наемный трейдер-аналитик и по совместительству никому не известный гений биржевой торговли.
    Информация о владельцах офшорной ФорексБРОзарегистрированной в недоступна, однако совсем несложно узнать, кто является учредителем ООО «ФорексБРО ». Согласно данным ЕГРЮЛ учредителями ООО «ФорексБРО » являются ( доля в уставном фонде 112 млн ? или 99%) и офшорная ФорексБРО(доля в уставном фонде 970,1 тыс ? или 1%). Зачем было устраивать эту клоунаду с неуклюжими попытками убедить общественность в непричастности Кравченка к сомнительным схемам развода клиентов в офшорном ФорексБРО, можно только догадываться. ..]

    По мнению портала Tunnel.ru владелец «ФорексБРОа» выглядит вот так:

    Compromat.Ru

    Все это напоминает сценарий аферы, который недавно разыграл форекс-брокер, точнее сказать, финансовая пирамида РЕНТР, продвигаемая на рынке «успешным трейдером». Незадолго до скама РЕНТР «возглавил» уголовник. Вскоре РЕНТР развалилась. Кондаков исчез, свалив всю ответственность на «главу компании», не забыв при этом прихватить с собой денежки клиентов.

    И вот теперь компания «ФорексБРО» идет по проторенной дорожке, заметает следы и рьяно прячет лицо и имя своего владельца. Не ждет ли нас громкая и скандальная развязка этого очередного маскарада — исчезновение компании «ФорексБРО» со всеми деньгами клиентов?! Первые тревожные звоночки в виде проблем с выводом денежных средств клиентам в ФорексБРО уже начались. Кроме того, во многих регионах страны по факту мошенничества ФорексБРО заведены уголовные дела и в любой момент могут начаться задержания. ..]

  25. Dronix-x
    Репутация
    18025
    Россия, Брянск
    Хотели обмануть, а в итоге я подарил им популярность!
    12.08.2014
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Не обнаружил
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    Обычный развод, пусть торгуют и богатеют по тихому сами.
    Всем доброго времени суток. Я как и многие из вас мечтают о заработке в интернете. Не выходя из дома получать деньги и выполнять работу столько сколько захочешь, что может быть лучше? Зарабатывать деньги не работая…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:722 79

    ЕленаБудденброк
    Репутация
    22722
    Россия
    Офис впечатлил
    22.05.2015
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    красивые и интересные сотрудники, интересная корпоративная культура
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    попахивает лохотроном
    Данный отзыв будет о моем опыте общения с данной компанией. Я устраивалась туда типа на работу. Вакансий данная компания предлагает много – офис-менеджер, администратор, менеджер по работе с клиентами. Мой город – Саратов, в Саратове…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:196 25

    Monarch
    Репутация
    10
    Россия, Киров
    Мошенники-аферисты
    09.02.2016
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Очень вежливые и доброжелательные.
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    Делают всё что бы люди сами отдали свои деньги, пусть и последние. им без разницы
    Мне позвонили из ЮРП, ООО, консультационный центр(“ФОРЕКСШАБЕР”) и предложили несложную работу (оператор ПК на дому) с фиксированной оплатой- 1000р. в день. Конечно же всё это показалось подозрительным, тем более что я предварительно почитал отзывы о…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:60 10

    4mtv
    Репутация
    9737
    Россия
    Некачественное обучение
    02.03.2013
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    вообще можно стать хорошим трейдером
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    нечеткие объявления, некачественное обучение
    Одно время на каждом шагу говорили от ФорексШабер и рекламировали его во всю. А я, в свою очередь, с финансовым образованием, решила тоже попробовать себя в таком новом для меня деле. Ведь заграницей это действительно…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:52 14

    annariss
    Репутация
    3
    Россия, Тында
    Люди! Не вздумайте вкладывать свои деньги.
    28.03.2018
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Искусство убеждать и обещать и обманывать.
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    Итог:Все в минусе кроме компании.
    Всем привет. Хочу поделиться своим негативным опытом сотрудничества с компанией Форексшабер. В декабре 2017г мне позвонили на телефон и сказали, что я выиграла сертификат на бесплатное обучение, думаю: нигде не играла, но выиграла. Ладно. Прошла…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:8 3

    strashen
    Репутация
    3
    Россия, Москва
    Будьте БДИТЕЛЬНЫ – РАЗВОД!
    11.09.2018
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Интересное БЕСПЛАТНОЕ обучение
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    Работу не предоставляют, деньги выманивают, технично разводят.
    Работал одно время в “ПК-мастерской”, ездил по всей области и ремонтировал компьютерную технику. Однако такая работа быстро наскучила, так как приходилось тратить свои деньги на проезд, который не особо и окупался. Начал искать в интернете…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:3 2

    Elena1977Vod
    Репутация
    30
    Россия, Якутск
    Обучение послужило толчком к самообразованию и действию в этой области. И это должен знать каждый.
    10.10.2018
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Личные уроки, внесли ясность. Теперь сын посещает занятия.
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    Давят с увеличением депозита. По некоторым сигналам ушла в убыток.
    Я уже много лет вижу рекламу по обучению сделкам на фондовом рынке. Лет 12 точно. И хотелось пойти узнать, что это и что-то останавливало. Периодически я оставляла контакты в рекламных формах, причём, это могли быть…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:1 0

    Maarizza
    Репутация
    3
    Россия, Владивосток
    Не выплатили зарплату за 2 месяца.
    03.10.2018
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Они есть, но при таких обстоятельствах не вижу смысла о них писать.
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    Кидают на зарплату. За два месяца работы ничего не заплатили.
    В предыдущем отзыве парень благодарил свою жену, за то, что она его вовремя отговорила, от вложения денежных средств. Я никак не смогла помочь своему мужу, поэтому хотя бы отзыв напишу. Два месяца 6 дней в…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:1 0

    sergersh
    Репутация
    1
    Россия, Пермь
    Не выполняют договорённости
    12.10.2018
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    пока не тронули мои деньги на счёте
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    Обманули
    Думал солидная компания, а попал на развод. Предложили открыть счёт и за пополнение счёта на 1000$ обещали 1000$ бонусов. Счет открыл, 1000 перевёл, дали 1000 бонусов на отдельный счёт. Для получения на свой счет этих…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:1 0

    AB777777777
    Репутация
    7
    Россия, Москва
    Обман с миллиардным оборотом в 21 веке? Легко!
    17.10.2018
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Красивый офис и вид из него.
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    Обманщиков организация
    Всем доброго дня! Тема инвестиций и финансов интересовала меня давно, и так сложилось, что мы встретились с компанией “Форексшабер” Было это еще в 2012 году. Компания тогда, как в целом и сейчас находилась на 40-м…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:1 0

    Zamia
    Репутация
    11
    Россия, Курган
    Пустая трата времени.
    18.12.2017
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Получение новых знаний.
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    Для большинства это пустая трата времени.
    Во время поиска работы мне тоже пришлось столкнулась с компанией Форексшабер. Изначально конкретно не говорят о предстоящей работе. Прошла двухнедельное обучение, но работать не стала. Той суммы, которую надо было вложить в работу, у меня…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:2 3

    bortnik1975
    Репутация
    1
    Россия, Омск
    Плохое. Узаконенный лохотрон.
    31.01.2015
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Торговать то можно
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    В конторе мошенники.
    Не несите люди денежки на Форекс, вас обманут там, там не чего не светит вам, ФорексШабер не даст вам и копеечки. Хочу именно осветить эту компанию. Омск. Как то я хотел подработать. И если…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:24 30

    iragelik
    Репутация
    163324
    Россия, много свободных мест
    Недобросовестный работодатель, нарушающий нормы.
    18.07.2014
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    нет никаких, все дело случая
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    все один жирный минус
    Как же мне давно хотелось рассказать об этой конторке(именно конторке, хоть она и находится у нас в Смоленске в хорошем доме, внешне все выглядит уж очень хорошо) ФОРЕКСШАБЕР. Мой муж еще с 2009 года начал…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:31 16

    nata2310
    Репутация
    2454
    Россия, Воронеж
    Еще кто-то ведется?)) Мое знакомство с Форексшабер (не опыт)
    09.02.2016
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Вежливый персонал))
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    Развод
    Уже давно все наслышаны о компаниях-разводил. Вот, если честно, не понимаю, как они до сих пор работают и существуют?! Конечно, на бедных людях, которые ведутся на все и вкладывают деньги… Очень жалко таких. К счастью…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:10 3

    Lapa221188
    Репутация
    2104
    Россия, Новокузнецк
    Обман да и только!
    26.02.2013
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    бесплатные знания
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    разводят
    Много пишут хороших и плохих отзывов об этой компании, но лично я не увидела в ней ничего хорошего, кроме одного – бесплатный семинар. Все началось с того, что я хотела найти подработку на дому, помимо…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:17 21

    VictorSPb
    Репутация
    37
    Россия, Санкт-Петербург
    Ужасная компания с подходом к клиенту “на отвали, деньги давай”
    02.04.2015
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    как будто рядом враг или вор, когда ты торгуешь
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    хватит и плюсов
    В общем по этому она и ужасная. Я являюсь одним из недовольных клиентов компании Форексшабер. Не так давно, я пришел на семинар в Форексшабер. Послушал его, на нем говорили о прибыльности и малых…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:14 3

    Alexandrovna17
    Репутация
    623
    Россия, пенза
    бред
    23.12.2014
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Известность
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    Обман
    Недавно пригласили в Форексшабер на собеседование. Скидывала резюме на вакансию администратора, приехала-предложили работу менеджера. Сначала предложили пройти обучение, сдать экзамен, только потом на стажировку выходить. Но то, что это развод, я поняла дальше на собеседовании…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:4 3

    Romashkovna
    Репутация
    552
    Россия, Санкт-Петербург
    Умело пускают пыль в глаза!
    12.10.2016
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Симпатичный офис
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    Чистый обман и надувательство, как клиентов, так и соискателей.
    Подавала резюме на hh. ру и позвонили из данной компании представившись “информационным центром СПБ”, девушка быстро протароторила условия работы и предложила подъехать на собеседование, на что я согласилась. Пришло смс с адресом, но…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:2 1

    ПростоТаня
    Репутация
    138
    Россия, Санкт-Петербург
    Здесь Вас обманут
    19.04.2017
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    Нет плюсов
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    10$ спреда это в ни какие ворота! Очень похоже на кухню
    Нарвалась я на этого брокера в 2012 году. Вот скан открытия реального счета. Как меня туда занесло и как они находят свои жертвы. Искала работу, была вакансия финансового менеджера у них, пришла, заполнила анкету, отдала…
    Читать весь отзыв Отзыв рекомендуют:1 2

    ulka1964
    Репутация
    0
    Россия, уфа
    Подойдет не всем
    01.11.2017
    ДОСТОИНСТВА:
    я узнала что при торговле есть стратегии
    НЕДОСТАТКИ:
    ушла в минус
    В 2017 году мне позвонили с предложением научится торговать на бирже, время располагало и я согласилась (в конце обучения я должна была получить сертификат с меня ничего не требовалось). В начале мне позвонила приятная девушка…

  26. kodgrabber. club мошенники! обманули на 5200€ Проект заскамился
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  27. ТОО “Камал-Ойл” и его глава Абай Камалов рад предоставить вам услуги по аренде, поставке техники и материалов, а также сервисных услуг необходимых в нефтегазовом секторе.

    Квалифицированные специалисты и управленческий персонал Абай Камалова, получивший западное образование гарантируют: услуги предоставляемые нами отвечают высоким требованиям и Европейским стандартам. Директор нашей компании Абай Камалов обучался в Германии – Академии Менеджмента и практиковался на таких заводах, как Liebherr, JCB и т.п., что дает преимущество, Абаю Камалову и его команде, в сфере развитых партнерских отношений по всему миру.
    -Абай Камалов

  28. ТОО “Камал-Ойл” компания была создана в 2009 г. Абай Камаловым,
    и оказывала транспортные услуги, занимаясь перевозкой опасных и
    негабаритных грузов, поставкой сжиженного газа, Абай Камалов
    предоставляет услуги по 3D моделированию, расчетами давления
    трубопроводов и металлических конструкций, инспектированием и
    экспедированием оборудования по всему миру для поставок в
    Казахстан. Абай Камалов.

  29. ТОО «Камал-Ойл» во главе с Абай Камаловым было создано 9 лет назад и занималось предоставлением транспортных услуг. Ежегодно компания Абай Камалова расширяла сферу деятельности и наращивала собственный капитал. Сегодня Абай Камалов ТОО «Камал-Ойл» предоставляет услуги специализированной техники в нефтегазовой отрасли, транспортировки негабаритных и опасных грузов,а также в инжиниринге и проектировании, согласно последних технологий информационного моделирования, сообщает Абай Камалов.

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  31. Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. Rolands petersons cpmtreding has released new forecasts on Poland becoming the logistics centre of Europe. Newest OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) data are indicating the increase of living standards in Poland, positive tendencies in economy and rapid development of the labour market. Rolands petersons cpmtreding
    Experts at OECD has appreciated a change in the Polish labour market – a fall of the unemployment level to the lowest ever, reaching the lowest point in the last twenty years; labour demand is growing; and everything indicates a significant growth of average wages in the near future.Rolands petersons cpmtreding Unemployment levels in Poland in 2017 were low – 4,9% and all the forecast are indicating the continuous fall reaching 4,2% in 2018 and 3,8% in 2019. GDP will go on increasing, but a little bit more slowly. Forecasts for 2018 are 4,2%, but in 2019 – 3,7%. It should be mentioned that in 2017 GDP was 4,6%].
    Poland should think more about the agricultural production export area. Today agriculture constitutes 5% of GDP, but the biggest part of agricultural production in Poland is producing for own needs].Rolands petersons cpmtreding Export products for the most part are milk products, meat and potatoes. By developing its infrastructure, Poland would be able to succeed exports. The Baltic Sea provides the opportunity to develop cargo carriage faster than it is done now, according to Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. who offers his thoughts on Poland economy.
    To keep this positive tendency, Poland has to find opportunities to invest in proficiency enhancement, development of infrastructure and innovations. Rolands petersons cpmtreding There should be a strategy allowing continuation and even growth of infrastructural investments.
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  32. доброго времени суток, как вы думаете, что лучше!
    скоро новый год, любимой подарок хочется достойный купить, кольцо приглянулось одно!,
    в каком месте кольца купить в москве недорого 585 золота?
    санлайт и прочие массмаркеты категорически нет
    видел интернет магазин, где на заказ делают купибрил.ру, интересные колечки есть и могут даже по эскизу сделать
    думаю вот желтое золото или белое купить,как думаете лучше готовое купить или подождать неделю, зато съэкономить тыщ 50-70

  33. доброго времени суток, очень нужна ваша помощь!
    торжество у моей милой в конце месяца, колечко хотел купить, но не знаю где именно!, где лучше покупать ювелирку с бриллиантами?
    переплачивать за бренд Тифани или Картье, посути за бирку не хочется, лучше колеса на крузак новые поставлю 🙂
    порекомендовал знакомый ювелирное производство Верум Даймонд, вроде разумно по цене по срокам дней 7-8 обещают
    нравиться дизайн от картье в одном колечке пять бриллиантов в другом дорожка по кругу очень красивое на фото,имеет смысл за доставку платить или лучше в Москву сгонять, самому забрать

  34. Rolands Petersons, member of the board of CPM Trading SIA,
    Railway transport is one of the most promising modes of inland transport, and, at the moment, it is said to be the crucial element in the economy of Latvia.Rolands petersons privatbank Considering the entire volume of inland transport, the share of railway freight is about 52%, whereas the volume of the passenger transportation is 6% and in Riga suburban area the number is increasing up to 30%. However, the data summarized by the Ministry of Communications still shows that in Latvia the volume of freight rail transportation by comparison with 2016 has decreased by 8.4% and amounted to 43.792 million tons.Rolands petersons privatbank

    Traffic congestion can lead to a loss of 200 billion euros
    The mobility of goods is an essential component of the EU internal market; this greatly contributes to the competitiveness of the industry and services in Europe. The types of lengthy transportation as railway can reduce their costs, which arise in connection with the traffic congestion on the roads. The increase of approximately 50% is projected by the year 2050, reaching a volume of almost 200 billion euros per year.Rolands petersons privatbank

    In the future, it is possible to increase the volume of rail transportation.
    The amount of international rail transportation in 2017 was 42.138 million tons, which showed a decline of 9.1% compared to 2016. However, domestic traffic has increased by 11.5% to 1.653 million tonnes. The volume of transit cargo from the total amount of international rail freight transport amounted to 38.719 million tons, which showed a drop of 6.5% compared to the previous year, the volume of imported goods was 3.067 million tons, or 22.4% less, and the volume of export cargo was 351 800 tons, which was a drop of 2.8 times.Rolands petersons privatbank In 2016, in Latvia, by rail, 47.821 million tons were transported. Taking into consideration the decline in the international transport sector in 2017, the question is, by which means can we achieve the volume increase? By implementation of the well-considered long-term solutions, it is possible to get back to the level that used to be before the embargo against Russia was introduced in 2013.

    Increase of the average commercial speed of freight trains.
    One of the key priorities nowadays is the development of the railway infrastructure, and in this case, it is expected, the railway infrastructure can be financed by the European UnionRolands petersons privatbank. It is essential to find a solution how to increase the average commercial speed of freight trains since the speed is only about 18 km/h on the majority international routes in Europe. One of the solutions can be the improvement of cooperation between existing infrastructure organizations in Europe.Rolands petersons privatbank The actual train system needs to be adapted to the needs of the railway freight transport sector, especially in the EU freight rail corridors. This would contribute to the competitiveness of rail transport with other modes of transport, especially with the road transport sector, which infrastructure is easily accessible in all Member States.

    Well-thought-out charge for the use of infrastructure.
    Freight trains pay for each kilometer of the railway infrastructure, which again adversely affects the competitiveness of the railway in comparison with road transport, where such charge is not always introduced. Setting the price that users are required to pay for getting into the infrastructure, it would be necessary to take into account the impact on the environment and pollution, congestion, accidents and other aspects.Rolands petersons privatbank
    The state should provide a proper support for organizations managing infrastructure, and rail transport enterprises should strive to improve the competitiveness of rail freight services, especially in regards to reliability, filling, elasticity, customer orientation, and the duration and cost of transportation, as these are the main aspects which are considered by an average consignor in selecting any of the available modes of transport.Rolands petersons privatbank

    Elimination imperfections in the liberalization of the freight transport process
    In cooperation with both, the public and private sectors, at the international level, imperfections related to the liberalization of freight rail transport, communication lines procedures, administrative and technical restrictions, monitoring and anticipating performance in the rail freight industry, and fair competition between different modes of transportation. Therefore, it is necessary to find out the ways to make a better use of available EU funding and target it to the rail transport industry in order to achieve improvements in such areas as a coherent approach to policy objectives and funding (while focusing on corridors for freight railways transportation), for the selection, planning and management of projects, as well as for the maintenance of railroad networks.

    Not only update, but also regularly support
    It is essential to take to the new level not only the quality of the services provided to carriers and shippers of rail freight but, in general, to improve the competitiveness of rail freight transport; infrastructure managing organizations should not only update and modernize the railway network but also to regularly support it.Rolands petersons privatbank This is especially important for the corridors of rail freight. If the tracks are not properly maintained, the speed limits will have to be applied and the railway lines will gradually be obstructed.Rolands petersons privatbank

  35. Transport and logistics industries are of particular importance for the Latvian economy since they have a steady GDP growth and provide services to virtually all other sectors of the national economy. Every year it is emphasized that this sector should be recognized as a priority and extend its promotion, however, the representatives of the transport and logistics sector are looking forward to more concrete and long-term solutions.Rolands petersons privatbank

    9.1% of the value added to the GDP of Latvia

    Despite the political and economic changes of the last decade, the influence of the transport and logistics industry on the economy of our country remains high: in 2016 the sector increased the value added to the GDP by 9.1%. Moreover, the average monthly gross wage is still higher then in other sectors – in 2016 in other sectors of the economy it was 859 euros, whereas in storage and transportation sector the average gross wage is about 870 euros (1,562 euros – water transport, 2,061 euros – air transport, 1059 euros in the of storage and auxiliary transport activities, etc.).

    Special economic area as an additional support Rolands petersons privatbank

    The positive examples of the logistics industry are the ports that have developed a good structure. Riga and Ventspils ports function as free ports, and the Liepaja port is included in the Liepaja Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Companies operating in free ports and SEZ can receive not only the 0 tax rate for customs, excise, and value-added tax but also a discount of up to 80% of the company’s income and up to 100% of the real estate tax.Rolands petersons privatbank The port is actively implementing various investment projects related to the construction and development of industrial and distribution parks. The attraction of investments promotes the creation of higher added value, development of production, expansion of a spectrum of given services and creation of new workplaces. It is necessary to bring to the attention the small ports – SKULTE, Mersrags, SALACGRiVA, Pavilosta, Roja, Jurmala, and Engure, which currently occupy a stable position in the Latvian economy and have already become regional economic activity centers.Rolands petersons privatbank

    Port of Liepaja, will be the next Rotterdam.Rolands petersons privatbank

    There is also a wide range of opportunities for growth, and a number of actions that can be taken to meet projected targets. There is a strong need for the services with high added value, the increase of the processed volumes of cargo by attracting new freight flows, high-quality passenger service and an introduction of modern technologies and information systems in the area of transit and logistics.Rolands petersons privatbank Liepaja port has all the chances to become the second Rotterdam in the foreseeable future.

    Latvia as a distribution center for cargos from Asia and the Far East.

    One of the most important issues for further growth of the port and special economic zone is the development of logistics and distribution centers, mainly focusing on the attraction of goods from Asia and the Far East.Rolands petersons privatbank Latvia can serve as a distribution center for cargos in the Baltic and Scandinavian countries for Asia and the Far East (f.e. China, Korea). The tax regime of the Liepaja Special Economic Zone in accordance with the Law “On Taxation in Free Ports and Special Economic Zones” on December 31, 2035. This allows traders to conclude an agreement on investment and tax concession until December 31, 2035, until they reach a contractual level of assistance from the investments made.Rolands petersons privatbank Considering the range of benefits provided by this status, it is necessary to consider the possible extension of the term.

    Infrastructure development and expansion of warehouse space

    Our advantage lies in the fact that there is not only a strategic geographical position but also a developed infrastructure that includes deep-water berths, cargo terminals, pipelines and territories free from the cargo terminal.Rolands petersons privatbank Apart from this, we can add a good structure of pre-industrial zone, distribution park, multi-purpose technical equipment, as well as the high level of security not only in terms of delivery but also in terms of the storage and handling of goods.Rolands petersons privatbank In the future, it would be advisable to pay more attention to access roads (railways and highways), increase the volume of storage facilities, and increase the number of services provided by ports.Rolands petersons privatbank Participation in international industry exhibitions and conferences will make it possible to attract additional foreign investments and will contribute to the improvement of international image.Rolands petersons privatbank

  36. The transport development has caused objective problems for traffic in cities around the world, including Latvia, and the reason for this is a rapid increase in the number of vehicles. Road congestion is the most urgent problem in a trip planning because it affects the total time of transportation and, therefore, costs that have a particular relevance to the logistics industry. The quality of the roads, a painful subject in the past, has a significant impact on transportation time. Without high-quality roads, it is impossible to improve the efficiency of transport, which, in the context of economic globalization, is said to be one of the main directions for the logistics development.Rolands petersons privatbank

    Promises against statistics

    At the end of 2017, according to the report “Global Competitiveness Index”, which was annually compiled by experts from the World Economic Forum, Latvia was not ranked among the top 100 countries of the world’s rating. (out of 137 countries participating in the ranking, Latvia took 107th place, and Lithuania and Estonia took the 37th and 38th places) Despite this, VAS (State Roads of Latvia) announced that, despite the increase in traffic on Latvian roads, their quality has been improved in recent years.

    EU assessment – Stable 3 points.

    In 2017, 65.1 million euros were spent on the development of the national roads, including 32.3 million for the summer period works, and 32.8 million for the winter period works.Rolands petersons privatbank In the same year, it was also planned to spend 37 million more, compared with the previous year. However, even these investments have not resulted in the average level of road quality in the European Union.Rolands petersons privatbank According to the latest report, the average level in the EU is estimated at 4.76 points, Latvia, compared to that has been given 3.05 points.

    The state of the roads not only hinders the development of the logistics industry but also contributes to the disproportionate level and the pace of social and economic development of the regions.Rolands petersons privatbank The most remote regions of Latvia can develop tourism facilities, offer industrial premises for entrepreneurs, etc. however, if there is no road system to get to these cites, no results shall be expected.Rolands petersons privatbank

    Financing is eight times less than it needs to be.

    “Requests for the organization of roads,” “Road quality is catastrophic” – these headlines often appear in the mass media, while road maps try to reduce the existing damage by implementation of available sources, however, there is no sign of a significant improvement, when the funding is eight times less than it is necessary.Rolands petersons privatbank At the same time, we make the mistake of struggling only with the consequences of the disease, when we need to identify the root of the problem and take the preventive measures.

    One of the main problems that can be figured out now is the climate of the country, which in Latvia will not change significantly in the future, therefore, the problem will remain constant.Rolands petersons privatbank The number of vehicles will also increase, so the question is: how to increase financing, which is the most important addition to the urgent issues.Rolands petersons privatbank 130 million euros are required annually for maintenance and repair works of local and gravel roads but this amount cannot be provided only by EU funds. It is also completely unclear how the situation will look like in 2020, after the end of EU funding program.

    Without the excise tax on fuel, there is no chance for survival

    The fact that the change is expected in 2020, the spring of 2018 is said to be the moment to start an intensive work and stimulate actions – change existing arrangements related to the existing tax system (only a third of the tax, paid by road users, are redirected to roads).Rolands petersons privatbank The time when it was possible to pull out a part of the income from tax has passed. Furthermore, we need to increase the number of public-private partnership projects in the sphere of the road construction, although this stage requires a proper preparation.Rolands petersons privatbank

    In addition to financing, other necessary support measures need to be introduced: dumping water from roads in certain areas, timely planning, more restrictive control on roads, etc.Rolands petersons privatbank

  37. Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons privatbank has released new forecasts on Poland becoming the logistics centre of Europe. Newest OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) data are indicating the increase of living standards in Poland, positive tendencies in economy and rapid development of the labour market.Rolands petersons privatbank
    Experts at OECD has appreciated a change in the Polish labour market – a fall of the unemployment level to the lowest ever, reaching the lowest point in the last twenty years; labour demand is growing; and everything indicates a significant growth of average wages in the near future. Unemployment levels in Poland in 2017 were low – 4,9% and all the forecast are indicating the continuous fall reaching 4,2% in 2018 and 3,8% in 2019. GDP will go on increasing, but a little bit more slowly. Forecasts for 2018 are 4,2%, but in 2019 – 3,7%. It should be mentioned that in 2017 GDP was 4,6%].Rolands petersons privatbank
    Poland should think more about the agricultural production export area. Today agriculture constitutes 5% of GDP, but the biggest part of agricultural production in Poland is producing for own needs]. Export products for the most part are milk products, meat and potatoes. Rolands petersons privatbank By developing its infrastructure, Poland would be able to succeed exports. Rolands petersons privatbank The Baltic Sea provides the opportunity to develop cargo carriage faster than it is done now, according to Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons privatbank who offers his thoughts on Poland economy.
    To keep this positive tendency, Poland has to find opportunities to invest in proficiency enhancement, development of infrastructure and innovations. There should be a strategy allowing continuation and even growth of infrastructural investments.Rolands petersons privatbank
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  38. Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. has released a new forecasts of Cyprus economy, which has definitely recovered from the clinical death in 2013. This is evidenced by a number of significant indicators: preliminary GDP data revealed the economy maintained strong with annual growth only ticking down from 4% in first-quarter, which had marked one of the fastest rates in a decade, to 3,9% in second-quarter.Rolands petersons privatbank The second-quarter expansion was largely underpinned by a vibrant hotels and restaurants industry, which benefited from a record number of tourist arrivals, primarily from the U.K.Rolands petersons privatbank and Russia].Rolands petersons privatbank
    Banking system has shrunk from more than eight times that of GDP, which it had previously been in 2013, to “more like four times of GDP now”. Rolands petersons privatbank There has also been an increase in foreign direct investments over the past three years, and the economy is not reliant on foreign deposits anymore.
    Investors are also looking at sectors like health, education, tourism, and shipping, and Cyprus is actually now poised to grow across a range of economies, not just tourism.Rolands petersons privatbank Unemployment on the island is dropping faster than that of other countries in the Eurozone – from 15,9% in 2013 decreased to 11,1% in previous period], also – Cyprus has the largest fiscal surplus.Rolands petersons privatbank
    Currently investments were being made now in a variety of sectors, including banking, sea-ports, marinas, and the largest integrated casino resort in Europe, as well as energy. This is a clear signal to other investors, and for the Cypriot government it remains to focus on maintaining and broadening the conditions under which surpluses and high growth rates can be generated, to continue promoting structural reforms and improving the country’s business environment, Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons privatbank offers his thoughts on Cypruseconomy.
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  39. Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
    Rolands petersons privatbank has released a new forecasts of UAE economy. Analysing the indicators of the last 20 months, we can conclude that since August non-oil economy growth has slowed down. The seasonally adjusted purchasing managers’ index – a composite indicator designed to give an overview of operating conditions in the non-oil private sector economy – dropped to 55 in August, from 55,8 in July].Despite slower growth, optimism among businesses in the UAE’s non-oil private sector accelerated to a record high.
    Rolands petersons privatbank Optimism is encouraged by the reluctance of many companies to launch new products, implement innovative marketing efforts, and opportunities to participate in Expo 2020].
    Rolands petersons privatbank In general, the reduction was wee, and the fact that a large part of the companies has abandoned the reduction of the workforce, which, on the one hand, would help to save, is right, as companies have not lost their effectiveness. Most companies have acted exactly the opposite – they stimulated stagnant economic growth with new products, accordingly obtaining new orders as well, Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
    Rolands petersons privatbank offers his thoughts on UAE economy.Another point to be emphasized is that non-oil business operators in the UAE have shown that sometimes exactly the opposite action of the usual behaviour can improve the situation. In the area of a??a??pricing policy, most private non-oil companies in the UAE, instead of raising pressure on prices, announced constant prices, furthermore, some companies reported about price reduction, which was related to advertising activities.
    Rolands petersons privatbankThe rate of growth was marked overall and reflected stronger inflows of new business from neighbouring GCC countries, besides new export orders rose once again during August and September.About Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.:A Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
    Rolands petersons privatbankis an international logistics company based in Poland since 2016. This company operates in Europe and also in many other major logistics centres in the world. The core business is a cargo brokerage, mainly marine cargo.
    Rolands petersons privatbank Norman Logistics customers is significant EU companies which his production transport throughout marine cargo. And service providers are medium or large shipping companies. The mission of Norman Logistics is convenient logistics and one-point service for the same price, individual and best quality approach.
    Rolands petersons privatbank

    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  40. Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. has released a new forecasts of Poland economy. Economic growth by 5,1% in the second quarter of this year and 5,2% in the first quarter shows that Poland is on a stable, correct and sustainable development road. It is worth to recall that in the last quarter of 2017 the increase was 4,9%, but in the last whole year- 4,6%].Rolands petersons privatbank Although the Polish Prime Minister in an interview highlighted that external economic turbulence may pose a threat to the national economy, other significant indicators indicate that the situation inside the country is sufficiently stable to overcome external difficulties.Rolands petersons privatbank
    One of the most prominent indicators, which reflects the home work done by Poland, is the unemployment rate, more precisely- the decrease of unemployment. According to the latest static data, last month it has decreased by 0.1% (from July to August this year), and it continues to decline. Another reason why external threats to Poland are not so scary is the fact that the biggest development guide of GDP growth is domestic consumption, (domestic demand). Domestic demand, with the dominant contribution of consumption reached 2,9%.
    Although the volume of investments in Poland has decreased (4,5% in the second quarter of this year against the same quarter last year, when it was 8,1%), by a review of local government spending we conclude that the situation can be smooth out.Rolands petersons privatbank Also the revival of company investment outlays, including SMEs, is an important element that should help to boost GDP growth in coming quarters, Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. offers his thoughts on Poland economy.Rolands petersons privatbank
    About Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.:
    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. is an international logistics company based in Poland since 2016.Rolands petersons privatbank This company operates in Europe and also in many other major logistics centres in the world. The core business is a cargo brokerage, mainly marine cargo.Rolands petersons privatbank Norman Logistics customers is significant EU companies which his production transport throughout marine cargo. And service providers are medium or large shipping companies.Rolands petersons privatbank The mission of Norman Logistics is convenient logistics and one-point service for the same price, individual and best quality approach.Rolands petersons privatbank
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  41. Need help funding a “gray” project. Moneyback after two month+20%. BTC:1G4jeazU6meRvSgMxPvLKsN4tmij9Vrood

  42. Member of the board CPM Trading LTD Rolands Peterson (PRNewsfoto/CPM Trading LTD)
    A new forecast on the economic activity of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was released. In 2018 it was constant.Rolands petersons privatbank It was provided by oil production volume, recent business reforms and constant activities in other areas. In 2018 the UAE for the first time overachieved its OPEN oil production goal.
    The UAE is preparing for World Expo in 2020, so a big amount of investment is being made to improve infrastructure. The state could expect an increase of tourism area dynamics, but it will need additional investments not related to oil production and crude oil refining.Rolands petersons privatbank
    This country could still be described in terms of development as long as its population grew from 9 million in 2013 up to 10,1 million in 2017; unemployment fell from 2,8% in 2013 to 1,7% last year]. Even though in 2014 many infrastructural projects were postponed, this year they will be continued, moreover there are new general plans for the following two decades. It was calculated that a recently adopted 5% of VAT will help to gain income in the amount of 12 billion euros during the first year of implementation].Rolands petersons privatbank
    All the Emirates, especially Dubai and Abu Dhabi are continuing their efforts to vary the economy and decrease the amount of activities related to oil products. In addition to the infrastructural projects, Abu Dhabi has made significant investments to the alternative energy sources creation, according to Rolands Petersons, a member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. who offers his thoughts on the UAE economy.Rolands petersons privatbank
    Despite having suffered crises, this country is still a demanded business partner among many world economies, it is being forecasted that before the World Expo in 2020 the UAE will become even an more demanded business partner worldwide.
    Juergen Thomas Steinmetz has continuously worked in the travel and tourism industry since he was a teenager in Germany (1979), beginning as a travel agent up through today as a publisher of eTurboNews (eTN), one of the world’s most influential and most-read travel and tourism publications.Rolands petersons privatbank He is also Chairman of ICTP. Rolands petersons privatbank His experiences include working and collaborating with various national tourism offices and non-governmental organizations, as well as private and non-profit organizations, and in planning, implementing, and quality control of a range of travel and tourism-related activities and programs, including tourism policies and legislation.Rolands petersons privatbank His major strengths include a vast knowledge of travel and tourism from the point of view of a successful private enterprise owner, superb networking skills, strong leadership, excellent communication skills, strong team player, attention to detail, dutiful respect for compliance in all regulated environments, and advisory skills in both political and non-political arenas with respect to tourism programs, policies, and legislation.Rolands petersons privatbank He has a thorough knowledge of current industry practices and trends and is a computer and Internet junkie.Rolands petersons privatbank

  43. The free movement of goods, services, capital, and people-these are the pillars that form an essential foundation for welfare and employment in Europe. Mobility is the fundamental premise for these four core values to be strengthened not only in the domestic market but also beyond its borders.Rolands petersons minicredit This is particularly significant in the Baltic Sea region, where a well thought-out and developed transport system is one of the positive development factors. Flight-related activities have both direct and indirect impact on the economy.Rolands petersons minicredit The direct impact includes the income derived from the activities of airline personnel and ground handling workers, whereas the indirect input implies all purchases in the aviation sector from locally based suppliers who basically do not represent the aviation sector. Additional impact on the economy of Latvia is formed by the costs of aviation sector employees and service providers.

    More than 30 airports are located in Lithuania

    There are four international airports operating in Lithuania – in Kaunas, Palanga, Siauliai, and, of course, in Vilnius, and there are more than 30 smaller airports and military airfields.Rolands petersons minicredit In Estonia, airports are mainly located in the capital in Tallinn, as well as in Tartu, Kuressaare, Kerdle and Parnu. These are international airports, however, there are more than 15 private and military airports and so-called airports of local importance located throughout the country.Rolands petersons minicredit Latvia still has only two international airports – in Riga and in Liepaja; there are also small airdromes, for example, in Spilva, in Tukums and Ventspils, and several other military flight platforms though. Riga International Airport entered the top five rapidly growing airports in Europe last year, which lead to an increase in the number of passengers by 16.2%. Therefore, it underscores the fact that even though the airport in Liepaja will have to put a lot of time and effort to its development, it brings a great potential, which can give a significant and valuable contribution to the domestic economy of the country.Rolands petersons minicredit

    A successful start is taken after reconstruction

    The airport in Liepaja did a great job – in 2015 after its reconstruction was completed.Rolands petersons minicredit At the airport a significant drainage effort was undertaken, a new cover for the take-off track was laid, the take-off strip was reinforced, the cover of the shunting route was improved and expanded, parking places for the aircraft were renovated as well. After Liepaja Airport was certified for commercial flights for the summer season in 2016, the Latvian national airline “AirBaltic” launched regular flights between Riga and Liepaja. During the first half of that year, more than 4,780 passengers were transported along this route. The five most popular destinations for transit flights along the Liepaja route include London, Berlin, Moscow, Copenhagen, and Hamburg, which, in general, brought very good results.Rolands petersons minicredit
    Keeping in mind the processes that are still underway, it is important to mention the extensive capacity-building of the airports, environment protection in a long-term, enhancement of cooperation with other regional airports in Europe. It is not enough for Latvia to have only one high-capacity airport – we have a regional leader who can serve as an example of a successful market behavior for others.Rolands petersons minicredit

    Support strategy for attracting new aviation communities

    Liepaja airport is the only example nowadays in terms of Latvian regional airports, however, I see several competitive regional airports in Latvia. To promote their development, a thorough analysis of the passengers’ potential is needed, starting with linking their activities with the existing types of transport in the surrounding region, forming a support strategy to attract new aviation communities, passengers, and additional services for client groups, bearing in mind that the added value of airports is formed by airlines operating there, strategic cooperation partners and service providers.Rolands petersons minicredit Without a doubt, it is also essential to study the ultimate goals of tourist destinations, in order to promote the growth of the travel market and ensure its positive impact on the economy.Rolands petersons minicredit

    Infrastructure for a variety multifaceted of commercial activities

    The strategic objective of the regional airports is a creation of the favorable and unified conditions for the enterprises and institutions operating there, as well as to proactive procurement of a sufficient infrastructure for the development various of commercial activities.Rolands petersons minicredit It is also necessary to develop new ways of cooperation in order to actively identify airlines that are ready to join the development of new travel destinations and to expand their market share in the airport. Apart from this, it is necessary to work on the incentive prerequisites for launching new flights.Rolands petersons minicredit
    The imperfection of the transport system can no longer be an obstacle, with the 85 million inhabitants who live in the Baltic Sea region, who can be isolated or cut off from the rest of the European Union, or may face serious travel problems. The power generated by the economy and innovation provides the Baltic Sea Region with opportunities to create a modern, forward-looking transport system that will also contribute to the creation of a socially balanced economic policy.Rolands petersons minicredit

  44. Rolands Petersons, member of the board of CPM Trading SIA,
    Railway transport is one of the most promising modes of inland transport, and, at the moment, it is said to be the crucial element in the economy of Latvia. Considering the entire volume of inland transport, the share of railway freight is about 52%, whereas the volume of the passenger transportation is 6% and in Riga suburban area the number is increasing up to 30%.Rolands petersons minicredit However, the data summarized by the Ministry of Communications still shows that in Latvia the volume of freight rail transportation by comparison with 2016 has decreased by 8.4% and amounted to 43.792 million tons.Rolands petersons minicredit

    Traffic congestion can lead to a loss of 200 billion euros
    The mobility of goods is an essential component of the EU internal market; this greatly contributes to the competitiveness of the industry and services in Europe.Rolands petersons minicredit The types of lengthy transportation as railway can reduce their costs, which arise in connection with the traffic congestion on the roads. The increase of approximately 50% is projected by the year 2050, reaching a volume of almost 200 billion euros per year.Rolands petersons minicredit

    In the future, it is possible to increase the volume of rail transportation.
    The amount of international rail transportation in 2017 was 42.138 million tons, which showed a decline of 9.1% compared to 2016. However, domestic traffic has increased by 11.5% to 1.653 million tonnes.Rolands petersons minicredit The volume of transit cargo from the total amount of international rail freight transport amounted to 38.719 million tons, which showed a drop of 6.5% compared to the previous year, the volume of imported goods was 3.067 million tons, or 22.4% less, and the volume of export cargo was 351 800 tons, which was a drop of 2.8 times. In 2016, in Latvia, by rail, 47.821 million tons were transported. Taking into consideration the decline in the international transport sector in 2017, the question is, by which means can we achieve the volume increase? By implementation of the well-considered long-term solutions, it is possible to get back to the level that used to be before the embargo against Russia was introduced in 2013.Rolands petersons minicredit

    Increase of the average commercial speed of freight trains.
    One of the key priorities nowadays is the development of the railway infrastructure, and in this case, it is expected, the railway infrastructure can be financed by the European Union.Rolands petersons minicredit It is essential to find a solution how to increase the average commercial speed of freight trains since the speed is only about 18 km/h on the majority international routes in Europe.Rolands petersons minicredit One of the solutions can be the improvement of cooperation between existing infrastructure organizations in Europe. The actual train system needs to be adapted to the needs of the railway freight transport sector, especially in the EU freight rail corridors. This would contribute to the competitiveness of rail transport with other modes of transport, especially with the road transport sector, which infrastructure is easily accessible in all Member States.

    Well-thought-out charge for the use of infrastructure.
    Freight trains pay for each kilometer of the railway infrastructure, which again adversely affects the competitiveness of the railway in comparison with road transport, where such charge is not always introduced.Rolands petersons minicredit Setting the price that users are required to pay for getting into the infrastructure, it would be necessary to take into account the impact on the environment and pollution, congestion, accidents and other aspects.Rolands petersons minicredit
    The state should provide a proper support for organizations managing infrastructure, and rail transport enterprises should strive to improve the competitiveness of rail freight services, especially in regards to reliability, filling, elasticity, customer orientation, and the duration and cost of transportation, as these are the main aspects which are considered by an average consignor in selecting any of the available modes of transport.

    Elimination imperfections in the liberalization of the freight transport process
    In cooperation with both, the public and private sectors, at the international level, imperfections related to the liberalization of freight rail transport, communication lines procedures, administrative and technical restrictions, monitoring and anticipating performance in the rail freight industry, and fair competition between different modes of transportation.Rolands petersons minicredit Therefore, it is necessary to find out the ways to make a better use of available EU funding and target it to the rail transport industry in order to achieve improvements in such areas as a coherent approach to policy objectives and funding (while focusing on corridors for freight railways transportation), for the selection, planning and management of projects, as well as for the maintenance of railroad networks.

    Not only update, but also regularly support
    It is essential to take to the new level not only the quality of the services provided to carriers and shippers of rail freight but, in general, to improve the competitiveness of rail freight transport; infrastructure managing organizations should not only update and modernize the railway network but also to regularly support it.Rolands petersons minicredit This is especially important for the corridors of rail freight. If the tracks are not properly maintained, the speed limits will have to be applied and the railway lines will gradually be obstructed.

  45. Transport and logistics industries are of particular importance for the Latvian economy since they have a steady GDP growth and provide services to virtually all other sectors of the national economy.Rolands petersons minicredit Every year it is emphasized that this sector should be recognized as a priority and extend its promotion, however, the representatives of the transport and logistics sector are looking forward to more concrete and long-term solutions.Rolands petersons minicredit

    9.1% of the value added to the GDP of Latvia

    Despite the political and economic changes of the last decade, the influence of the transport and logistics industry on the economy of our country remains high: in 2016 the sector increased the value added to the GDP by 9.1%. Moreover, the average monthly gross wage is still higher then in other sectors – in 2016 in other sectors of the economy it was 859 euros, whereas in storage and transportation sector the average gross wage is about 870 euros (1,562 euros – water transport, 2,061 euros – air transport, 1059 euros in the of storage and auxiliary transport activities, etc.).Rolands petersons minicredit

    Special economic area as an additional support

    The positive examples of the logistics industry are the ports that have developed a good structure.Rolands petersons minicredit Riga and Ventspils ports function as free ports, and the Liepaja port is included in the Liepaja Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Companies operating in free ports and SEZ can receive not only the 0 tax rate for customs, excise, and value-added tax but also a discount of up to 80% of the company’s income and up to 100% of the real estate tax.Rolands petersons minicredit The port is actively implementing various investment projects related to the construction and development of industrial and distribution parks.Rolands petersons minicredit The attraction of investments promotes the creation of higher added value, development of production, expansion of a spectrum of given services and creation of new workplaces. It is necessary to bring to the attention the small ports – SKULTE, Mersrags, SALACGRiVA, Pavilosta, Roja, Jurmala, and Engure, which currently occupy a stable position in the Latvian economy and have already become regional economic activity centers.

    Port of Liepaja, will be the next Rotterdam.

    There is also a wide range of opportunities for growth, and a number of actions that can be taken to meet projected targets.Rolands petersons minicredit There is a strong need for the services with high added value, the increase of the processed volumes of cargo by attracting new freight flows, high-quality passenger service and an introduction of modern technologies and information systems in the area of transit and logistics. Liepaja port has all the chances to become the second Rotterdam in the foreseeable future.Rolands petersons minicredit

    Latvia as a distribution center for cargos from Asia and the Far East.

    One of the most important issues for further growth of the port and special economic zone is the development of logistics and distribution centers, mainly focusing on the attraction of goods from Asia and the Far East.Rolands petersons minicredit Latvia can serve as a distribution center for cargos in the Baltic and Scandinavian countries for Asia and the Far East (f.e. China, Korea). The tax regime of the Liepaja Special Economic Zone in accordance with the Law “On Taxation in Free Ports and Special Economic Zones” on December 31, 2035. This allows traders to conclude an agreement on investment and tax concession until December 31, 2035, until they reach a contractual level of assistance from the investments made.Rolands petersons minicredit Considering the range of benefits provided by this status, it is necessary to consider the possible extension of the term.

    Infrastructure development and expansion of warehouse space

    Our advantage lies in the fact that there is not only a strategic geographical position but also a developed infrastructure that includes deep-water berths, cargo terminals, pipelines and territories free from the cargo terminal.Rolands petersons minicredit Apart from this, we can add a good structure of pre-industrial zone, distribution park, multi-purpose technical equipment, as well as the high level of security not only in terms of delivery but also in terms of the storage and handling of goods. In the future, it would be advisable to pay more attention to access roads (railways and highways), increase the volume of storage facilities, and increase the number of services provided by ports.Rolands petersons minicredit Participation in international industry exhibitions and conferences will make it possible to attract additional foreign investments and will contribute to the improvement of international image.

  46. The transport development has caused objective problems for traffic in cities around the world, including Latvia, and the reason for this is a rapid increase in the number of vehicles. Road congestion is the most urgent problem in a trip planning because it affects the total time of transportation and, therefore, costs that have a particular relevance to the logistics industry. The quality of the roads, a painful subject in the past, has a significant impact on transportation time.Rolands petersons minicredit Without high-quality roads, it is impossible to improve the efficiency of transport, which, in the context of economic globalization, is said to be one of the main directions for the logistics development.Rolands petersons minicredit

    Promises against statistics

    At the end of 2017, according to the report “Global Competitiveness Index”, which was annually compiled by experts from the World Economic Forum, Latvia was not ranked among the top 100 countries of the world’s rating. (out of 137 countries participating in the ranking, Latvia took 107th place, and Lithuania and Estonia took the 37th and 38th places) Despite this, VAS (State Roads of Latvia) announced that, despite the increase in traffic on Latvian roads, their quality has been improved in recent years.Rolands petersons minicredit

    EU assessment – Stable 3 points.

    In 2017, 65.1 million euros were spent on the development of the national roads, including 32.3 million for the summer period works, and 32.8 million for the winter period works. In the same year, it was also planned to spend 37 million more, compared with the previous year.Rolands petersons minicredit However, even these investments have not resulted in the average level of road quality in the European Union. According to the latest report, the average level in the EU is estimated at 4.76 points, Latvia, compared to that has been given 3.05 points.

    The state of the roads not only hinders the development of the logistics industry but also contributes to the disproportionate level and the pace of social and economic development of the regions.Rolands petersons minicredit The most remote regions of Latvia can develop tourism facilities, offer industrial premises for entrepreneurs, etc. however, if there is no road system to get to these cites, no results shall be expected.

    Financing is eight times less than it needs to be.

    “Requests for the organization of roads,” “Road quality is catastrophic” – these headlines often appear in the mass media, while road maps try to reduce the existing damage by implementation of available sources, however, there is no sign of a significant improvement, when the funding is eight times less than it is necessary.Rolands petersons minicredit At the same time, we make the mistake of struggling only with the consequences of the disease, when we need to identify the root of the problem and take the preventive measures.

    One of the main problems that can be figured out now is the climate of the country, which in Latvia will not change significantly in the future, therefore, the problem will remain constant.Rolands petersons minicredit The number of vehicles will also increase, so the question is: how to increase financing, which is the most important addition to the urgent issues.Rolands petersons minicredit 130 million euros are required annually for maintenance and repair works of local and gravel roads but this amount cannot be provided only by EU funds. It is also completely unclear how the situation will look like in 2020, after the end of EU funding program. Rolands petersons minicredit

    Without the excise tax on fuel, there is no chance for survival

    The fact that the change is expected in 2020, the spring of 2018 is said to be the moment to start an intensive work and stimulate actions – change existing arrangements related to the existing tax system (only a third of the tax, paid by road users, are redirected to roads).Rolands petersons minicredit The time when it was possible to pull out a part of the income from tax has passed. Furthermore, we need to increase the number of public-private partnership projects in the sphere of the road construction, although this stage requires a proper preparation.Rolands petersons minicredit

    In addition to financing, other necessary support measures need to be introduced: dumping water from roads in certain areas, timely planning, more restrictive control on roads, etc.

  47. Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. has released new forecasts on Poland becoming the logistics centre of Europe.Rolands petersons minicrediT Newest OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) data are indicating the increase of living standards in Poland, positive tendencies in economy and rapid development of the labour market.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Experts at OECD has appreciated a change in the Polish labour market – a fall of the unemployment level to the lowest ever, reaching the lowest point in the last twenty years; labour demand is growing; and everything indicates a significant growth of average wages in the near future. Unemployment levels in Poland in 2017 were low – 4,9% and all the forecast are indicating the continuous fall reaching 4,2% in 2018 and 3,8% in 2019. GDP will go on increasing, but a little bit more slowly.Rolands petersons minicrediT Forecasts for 2018 are 4,2%, but in 2019 – 3,7%. It should be mentioned that in 2017 GDP was 4,6%].
    Poland should think more about the agricultural production export area. Today agriculture constitutes 5% of GDP, but the biggest part of agricultural production in Poland is producing for own needs]. Export products for the most part are milk products, meat and potatoes. By developing its infrastructure, Poland would be able to succeed exports.Rolands petersons minicrediT The Baltic Sea provides the opportunity to develop cargo carriage faster than it is done now, according to Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons minicrediT who offers his thoughts on Poland economy.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    To keep this positive tendency, Poland has to find opportunities to invest in proficiency enhancement, development of infrastructure and innovations. There should be a strategy allowing continuation and even growth of infrastructural investments.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  48. Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons minicrediT has released a new forecasts of Cyprus economy, which has definitely recovered from the clinical death in 2013. This is evidenced by a number of significant indicators: preliminary GDP data revealed the economy maintained strong with annual growth only ticking down from 4% in first-quarter, which had marked one of the fastest rates in a decade, to 3,9% in second-quarter.Rolands petersons minicrediT The second-quarter expansion was largely underpinned by a vibrant hotels and restaurants industry, which benefited from a record number of tourist arrivals, primarily from the U.K. and Russia].Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Banking system has shrunk from more than eight times that of GDP, which it had previously been in 2013, to “more like four times of GDP now”. There has also been an increase in foreign direct investments over the past three years, and the economy is not reliant on foreign deposits anymore.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Investors are also looking at sectors like health, education, tourism, and shipping, and Cyprus is actually now poised to grow across a range of economies, not just tourism.Rolands petersons minicrediT Unemployment on the island is dropping faster than that of other countries in the Eurozone – from 15,9% in 2013 decreased to 11,1% in previous period], also – Cyprus has the largest fiscal surplus.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Currently investments were being made now in a variety of sectors, including banking, sea-ports, marinas, and the largest integrated casino resort in Europe, as well as energy. This is a clear signal to other investors, and for the Cypriot government it remains to focus on maintaining and broadening the conditions under which surpluses and high growth rates can be generated, to continue promoting structural reforms and improving the country’s business environment, Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons minicrediT offers his thoughts on Cypruseconomy.
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  49. Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
    Rolands petersons minicrediT has released a new forecasts of Poland economy. Economic growth by 5,1% in the second quarter of this year and 5,2% in the first quarter shows that Poland is on a stable, correct and sustainable development road. It is worth to recall that in the last quarter of 2017 the increase was 4,9%, but in the last whole year- 4,6%].
    Rolands petersons minicrediT Although the Polish Prime Minister in an interview highlighted that external economic turbulence may pose a threat to the national economy, other significant indicators indicate that the situation inside the country is sufficiently stable to overcome external difficulties.
    Rolands petersons minicrediT
    One of the most prominent indicators, which reflects the home work done by Poland, is the unemployment rate, more precisely- the decrease of unemployment. According to the latest static data, last month it has decreased by 0.1% (from July to August this year), and it continues to decline. Another reason why external threats to Poland are not so scary is the fact that the biggest development guide of GDP growth is domestic consumption, (domestic demand). Domestic demand, with the dominant contribution of consumption reached 2,9%.
    Although the volume of investments in Poland has decreased (4,5% in the second quarter of this year against the same quarter last year, when it was 8,1%), by a review of local government spending we conclude that the situation can be smooth out.
    Rolands petersons minicrediT Also the revival of company investment outlays, including SMEs, is an important element that should help to boost GDP growth in coming quarters, Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. offers his thoughts on Poland economy.
    Rolands petersons minicrediT
    About Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.:
    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. is an international logistics company based in Poland since 2016. This company operates in Europe and also in many other major logistics centres in the world.
    Rolands petersons minicrediT The core business is a cargo brokerage, mainly marine cargo. Norman Logistics customers is significant EU companies which his production transport throughout marine cargo. And service providers are medium or large shipping companies. The mission of Norman Logistics is convenient logistics and one-point service for the same price, individual and best quality approach.
    Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  50. Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons minicrediT has released a new report on Cyprus who experienced an economic recession just recently, but indicated 5th most rapid growth in the European Union last year. In the last quarter of 2017 economic growth reached 3,9% – Cyprus achieved such a result for the first time in the last ten years, according to Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Member of the board CPM Trading LTD Rolands Peterson (PRNewsfoto/CPM Trading LTD)
    The amount of investment funds and the amount of assets being managed by them reflected growth in late 2017 and first half of 2018. In December 2017 there were 114 funds registered in Cyprus, but this year there are 130 already].Rolands petersons minicrediT The amount of assets managed by them experienced growth of 6%, reaching 4,718 billion euros in absolute terms (for comparison we could mention that in March this year the total amount of assets reached only 4,446 billion euros)].Rolands petersons minicrediT
    In August the Cyprus Department of Transportation initiated amendments in its transportation fiscal policy, influencing new and used transport facilities registered after the law will be adopted. Outlining the above amendments are providing bigger road taxes for drivers with older cars and more horsepower, but those green-thinking will pay less. Such amendments provide several advantages: save income from transport taxation, decrease environment pollution, contribute to assets flow, and new car purchased stimulates a more attractive environment for foreigners, according to Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.Rolands petersons minicrediT who offers his thoughts on the Cyprus economy.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Smart investment and fiscal policy, increasing the budget income, simultaneously stimulating the national economy and one of the most important areas – tourism, as well as caring about environment protection in total resulted in significant economic growth and we are sure that in total numbers of 2018 Cyprus will also provide a great example for many economies.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    About Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.:
    Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. is an international logistics company based in Poland since 2016.Rolands petersons minicrediT This company operates in Europe and also in many other major logistics centers in the world. The core business is a cargo brokerage, mainly marine cargo.Rolands petersons minicrediT Norman Logistics customers is significant EU companies which his production transport throughout marine cargo. And service providers is medium or large shipping companies. The mission of Norman Logistics is convenient logistics and one point service for the same price, individual and best quality approach.Rolands petersons minicrediT
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of “Norman Logistics spzoo” Rolands petersons minicrediT

  51. The free movement of goods, services, capital, and people-these are the pillars that form an essential foundation for welfare and employment in Europe. Mobility is the fundamental premise for these four core values to be strengthened not only in the domestic market but also beyond its borders.Rolands petersons de facto This is particularly significant in the Baltic Sea region, where a well thought-out and developed transport system is one of the positive development factors.Rolands petersons de facto Flight-related activities have both direct and indirect impact on the economy.Rolands petersons de facto The direct impact includes the income derived from the activities of airline personnel and ground handling workers, whereas the indirect input implies all purchases in the aviation sector from locally based suppliers who basically do not represent the aviation sector. Additional impact on the economy of Latvia is formed by the costs of aviation sector employees and service providers.Rolands petersons de facto

    More than 30 airports are located in Lithuania

    There are four international airports operating in Lithuania – in Kaunas, Palanga, Siauliai, and, of course, in Vilnius, and there are more than 30 smaller airports and military airfields. In Estonia, airports are mainly located in the capital in Tallinn, as well as in Tartu, Kuressaare, Kerdle and Parnu.Rolands petersons de facto These are international airports, however, there are more than 15 private and military airports and so-called airports of local importance located throughout the country.Rolands petersons de facto Latvia still has only two international airports – in Riga and in Liepaja; there are also small airdromes, for example, in Spilva, in Tukums and Ventspils, and several other military flight platforms though.Rolands petersons de facto Riga International Airport entered the top five rapidly growing airports in Europe last year, which lead to an increase in the number of passengers by 16.2%. Therefore, it underscores the fact that even though the airport in Liepaja will have to put a lot of time and effort to its development, it brings a great potential, which can give a significant and valuable contribution to the domestic economy of the country.

    A successful start is taken after reconstruction

    The airport in Liepaja did a great job – in 2015 after its reconstruction was completed. At the airport a significant drainage effort was undertaken, a new cover for the take-off track was laid, the take-off strip was reinforced, the cover of the shunting route was improved and expanded, parking places for the aircraft were renovated as well.Rolands petersons de facto After Liepaja Airport was certified for commercial flights for the summer season in 2016, the Latvian national airline “AirBaltic” launched regular flights between Riga and Liepaja. During the first half of that year, more than 4,780 passengers were transported along this route. The five most popular destinations for transit flights along the Liepaja route include London, Berlin, Moscow, Copenhagen, and Hamburg, which, in general, brought very good results.Rolands petersons de facto
    Keeping in mind the processes that are still underway, it is important to mention the extensive capacity-building of the airports, environment protection in a long-term, enhancement of cooperation with other regional airports in Europe. It is not enough for Latvia to have only one high-capacity airport – we have a regional leader who can serve as an example of a successful market behavior for others.

    Support strategy for attracting new aviation communities

    Liepaja airport is the only example nowadays in terms of Latvian regional airports, however, I see several competitive regional airports in Latvia. To promote their development, a thorough analysis of the passengers’ potential is needed, starting with linking their activities with the existing types of transport in the surrounding region, forming a support strategy to attract new aviation communities, passengers, and additional services for client groups, bearing in mind that the added value of airports is formed by airlines operating there, strategic cooperation partners and service providers.Rolands petersons de facto Without a doubt, it is also essential to study the ultimate goals of tourist destinations, in order to promote the growth of the travel market and ensure its positive impact on the economy.

    Infrastructure for a variety multifaceted of commercial activities

    The strategic objective of the regional airports is a creation of the favorable and unified conditions for the enterprises and institutions operating there, as well as to proactive procurement of a sufficient infrastructure for the development various of commercial activities.Rolands petersons de factoIt is also necessary to develop new ways of cooperation in order to actively identify airlines that are ready to join the development of new travel destinations and to expand their market share in the airport. Apart from this, it is necessary to work on the incentive prerequisites for launching new flights.
    The imperfection of the transport system can no longer be an obstacle, with the 85 million inhabitants who live in the Baltic Sea region, who can be isolated or cut off from the rest of the European Union, or may face serious travel problems.Rolands petersons de facto The power generated by the economy and innovation provides the Baltic Sea Region with opportunities to create a modern, forward-looking transport system that will also contribute to the creation of a socially balanced economic policy.

  52. Transport and logistics industries are of particular importance for the Latvian economy since they have a steady GDP growth and provide services to virtually all other sectors of the national economy.Rolands petersons de facto Every year it is emphasized that this sector should be recognized as a priority and extend its promotion, however, the representatives of the transport and logistics sector are looking forward to more concrete and long-term solutions.Rolands petersons de facto

    9.1% of the value added to the GDP of Latvia

    Despite the political and economic changes of the last decade, the influence of the transport and logistics industry on the economy of our country remains high: in 2016 the sector increased the value added to the GDP by 9.1%. Moreover, the average monthly gross wage is still higher then in other sectors – in 2016 in other sectors of the economy it was 859 euros, whereas in storage and transportation sector the average gross wage is about 870 euros (1,562 euros – water transport, 2,061 euros – air transport, 1059 euros in the of storage and auxiliary transport activities, etc.).

    Special economic area as an additional support

    The positive examples of the logistics industry are the ports that have developed a good structure. Riga and Ventspils ports function as free ports, and the Liepaja port is included in the Liepaja Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Companies operating in free ports and SEZ can receive not only the 0 tax rate for customs, excise, and value-added tax but also a discount of up to 80% of the company’s income and up to 100% of the real estate tax.Rolands petersons de facto The port is actively implementing various investment projects related to the construction and development of industrial and distribution parks.Rolands petersons de facto The attraction of investments promotes the creation of higher added value, development of production, expansion of a spectrum of given services and creation of new workplaces. It is necessary to bring to the attention the small ports – SKULTE, Mersrags, SALACGRiVA, Pavilosta, Roja, Jurmala, and Engure, which currently occupy a stable position in the Latvian economy and have already become regional economic activity centers.Rolands petersons de facto

    Port of Liepaja, will be the next Rotterdam.

    There is also a wide range of opportunities for growth, and a number of actions that can be taken to meet projected targets. There is a strong need for the services with high added value, the increase of the processed volumes of cargo by attracting new freight flows, high-quality passenger service and an introduction of modern technologies and information systems in the area of transit and logistics. Liepaja port has all the chances to become the second Rotterdam in the foreseeable future.Rolands petersons de facto

    Latvia as a distribution center for cargos from Asia and the Far East.

    One of the most important issues for further growth of the port and special economic zone is the development of logistics and distribution centers, mainly focusing on the attraction of goods from Asia and the Far East. Latvia can serve as a distribution center for cargos in the Baltic and Scandinavian countries for Asia and the Far East (f.e. China, Korea). The tax regime of the Liepaja Special Economic Zone in accordance with the Law “On Taxation in Free Ports and Special Economic Zones” on December 31, 2035. This allows traders to conclude an agreement on investment and tax concession until December 31, 2035, until they reach a contractual level of assistance from the investments made. Considering the range of benefits provided by this status, it is necessary to consider the possible extension of the term.Rolands petersons de facto

    Infrastructure development and expansion of warehouse space

    Our advantage lies in the fact that there is not only a strategic geographical position but also a developed infrastructure that includes deep-water berths, cargo terminals, pipelines and territories free from the cargo terminal. Apart from this, we can add a good structure of pre-industrial zone, distribution park, multi-purpose technical equipment, as well as the high level of security not only in terms of delivery but also in terms of the storage and handling of goods.Rolands petersons de facto In the future, it would be advisable to pay more attention to access roads (railways and highways), increase the volume of storage facilities, and increase the number of services provided by ports. Participation in international industry exhibitions and conferences will make it possible to attract additional foreign investments and will contribute to the improvement of international image.

  53. The transport development has caused objective problems for traffic in cities around the world, including Latvia, and the reason for this is a rapid increase in the number of vehicles.Rolands petersons de facto Road congestion is the most urgent problem in a trip planning because it affects the total time of transportation and, therefore, costs that have a particular relevance to the logistics industry.Rolands petersons de facto The quality of the roads, a painful subject in the past, has a significant impact on transportation time. Without high-quality roads, it is impossible to improve the efficiency of transport, which, in the context of economic globalization, is said to be one of the main directions for the logistics development.

    Promises against statistics

    At the end of 2017, according to the report “Global Competitiveness Index”, which was annually compiled by experts from the World Economic Forum, Latvia was not ranked among the top 100 countries of the world’s rating. (out of 137 countries participating in the ranking, Latvia took 107th place, and Lithuania and Estonia took the 37th and 38th places) Despite this, VAS (State Roads of Latvia) announced that, despite the increase in traffic on Latvian roads, their quality has been improved in recent years.

    EU assessment – Stable 3 points.

    In 2017, 65.1 million euros were spent on the development of the national roads, including 32.3 million for the summer period works, and 32.8 million for the winter period works. In the same year, it was also planned to spend 37 million more, compared with the previous year.Rolands petersons de facto However, even these investments have not resulted in the average level of road quality in the European Union. According to the latest report, the average level in the EU is estimated at 4.76 points, Latvia, compared to that has been given 3.05 points.

    The state of the roads not only hinders the development of the logistics industry but also contributes to the disproportionate level and the pace of social and economic development of the regions.Rolands petersons de facto The most remote regions of Latvia can develop tourism facilities, offer industrial premises for entrepreneurs, etc. however, if there is no road system to get to these cites, no results shall be expected.Rolands petersons de facto

    Financing is eight times less than it needs to be.

    “Requests for the organization of roads,” “Road quality is catastrophic” – these headlines often appear in the mass media, while road maps try to reduce the existing damage by implementation of available sources, however, there is no sign of a significant improvement, when the funding is eight times less than it is necessary.Rolands petersons de facto At the same time, we make the mistake of struggling only with the consequences of the disease, when we need to identify the root of the problem and take the preventive measures.

    One of the main problems that can be figured out now is the climate of the country, which in Latvia will not change significantly in the future, therefore, the problem will remain constant. The number of vehicles will also increase, so the question is: how to increase financing, which is the most important addition to the urgent issues. 130 million euros are required annually for maintenance and repair works of local and gravel roads but this amount cannot be provided only by EU funds.Rolands petersons de facto It is also completely unclear how the situation will look like in 2020, after the end of EU funding program.

    Without the excise tax on fuel, there is no chance for survival

    The fact that the change is expected in 2020, the spring of 2018 is said to be the moment to start an intensive work and stimulate actions – change existing arrangements related to the existing tax system (only a third of the tax, paid by road users, are redirected to roads).Rolands petersons de facto The time when it was possible to pull out a part of the income from tax has passed. Furthermore, we need to increase the number of public-private partnership projects in the sphere of the road construction, although this stage requires a proper preparation.Rolands petersons de facto

    In addition to financing, other necessary support measures need to be introduced: dumping water from roads in certain areas, timely planning, more restrictive control on roads, etc.

  54. Member of the board CPM Trading LTD Rolands Peterson (PRNewsfoto/CPM Trading LTD)
    A new forecast on the economic activity of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was released. In 2018 it was constant.Rolands petersons de facto It was provided by oil production volume, recent business reforms and constant activities in other areas. In 2018 the UAE for the first time overachieved its OPEN oil production goal.Rolands petersons de facto
    The UAE is preparing for World Expo in 2020, so a big amount of investment is being made to improve infrastructure. The state could expect an increase of tourism area dynamics, but it will need additional investments not related to oil production and crude oil refining.Rolands petersons de facto
    This country could still be described in terms of development as long as its population grew from 9 million in 2013 up to 10,1 million in 2017; unemployment fell from 2,8% in 2013 to 1,7% last year]. Even though in 2014 many infrastructural projects were postponed, this year they will be continued, moreover there are new general plans for the following two decades. It was calculated that a recently adopted 5% of VAT will help to gain income in the amount of 12 billion euros during the first year of implementation].
    All the Emirates, especially Dubai and Abu Dhabi are continuing their efforts to vary the economy and decrease the amount of activities related to oil products. In addition to the infrastructural projects, Abu Dhabi has made significant investments to the alternative energy sources creation, according to Rolands Petersons, a member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o. who offers his thoughts on the UAE economy.Rolands petersons de facto
    Despite having suffered crises, this country is still a demanded business partner among many world economies, it is being forecasted that before the World Expo in 2020 the UAE will become even an more demanded business partner worldwide.Rolands petersons de facto
    Juergen Thomas Steinmetz has continuously worked in the travel and tourism industry since he was a teenager in Germany (1979), beginning as a travel agent up through today as a publisher of eTurboNews (eTN), one of the world’s most influential and most-read travel and tourism publications. He is also Chairman of ICTP. His experiences include working and collaborating with various national tourism offices and non-governmental organizations, as well as private and non-profit organizations, and in planning, implementing, and quality control of a range of travel and tourism-related activities and programs, including tourism policies and legislation. His major strengths include a vast knowledge of travel and tourism from the point of view of a successful private enterprise owner, superb networking skills, strong leadership, excellent communication skills, strong team player, attention to detail, dutiful respect for compliance in all regulated environments, and advisory skills in both political and non-political arenas with respect to tourism programs, policies, and legislation.Rolands petersons de facto He has a thorough knowledge of current industry practices and trends and is a computer and Internet junkie.Rolands petersons de facto

  55. The free movement of goods, services, capital, and people-these are the pillars that form an essential foundation for welfare and employment in Europe.Rolands petersons cpm trading Mobility is the fundamental premise for these four core values to be strengthened not only in the domestic market but also beyond its borders.Rolands petersons cpm trading This is particularly significant in the Baltic Sea region, where a well thought-out and developed transport system is one of the positive development factors. Flight-related activities have both direct and indirect impact on the economy.Rolands petersons cpm trading The direct impact includes the income derived from the activities of airline personnel and ground handling workers, whereas the indirect input implies all purchases in the aviation sector from locally based suppliers who basically do not represent the aviation sector. Additional impact on the economy of Latvia is formed by the costs of aviation sector employees and service providers.

    More than 30 airports are located in Lithuania

    There are four international airports operating in Lithuania – in Kaunas, Palanga, Siauliai, and, of course, in Vilnius, and there are more than 30 smaller airports and military airfields.Rolands petersons cpm trading In Estonia, airports are mainly located in the capital in Tallinn, as well as in Tartu, Kuressaare, Kerdle and Parnu. These are international airports, however, there are more than 15 private and military airports and so-called airports of local importance located throughout the country. Rolands petersons cpm trading Latvia still has only two international airports – in Riga and in Liepaja; there are also small airdromes, for example, in Spilva, in Tukums and Ventspils, and several other military flight platforms though.Rolands petersons cpm trading Riga International Airport entered the top five rapidly growing airports in Europe last year, which lead to an increase in the number of passengers by 16.2%. Therefore, it underscores the fact that even though the airport in Liepaja will have to put a lot of time and effort to its development, it brings a great potential, which can give a significant and valuable contribution to the domestic economy of the country.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    A successful start is taken after reconstruction

    The airport in Liepaja did a great job – in 2015 after its reconstruction was completed. At the airport a significant drainage effort was undertaken, a new cover for the take-off track was laid, the take-off strip was reinforced, the cover of the shunting route was improved and expanded, parking places for the aircraft were renovated as well. After Liepaja Airport was certified for commercial flights for the summer season in 2016, the Latvian national airline “AirBaltic” launched regular flights between Riga and Liepaja. During the first half of that year, more than 4,780 passengers were transported along this route.Rolands petersons cpm trading The five most popular destinations for transit flights along the Liepaja route include London, Berlin, Moscow, Copenhagen, and Hamburg, which, in general, brought very good results.
    Keeping in mind the processes that are still underway, it is important to mention the extensive capacity-building of the airports, environment protection in a long-term, enhancement of cooperation with other regional airports in Europe. It is not enough for Latvia to have only one high-capacity airport – we have a regional leader who can serve as an example of a successful market behavior for others.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Support strategy for attracting new aviation communities

    Liepaja airport is the only example nowadays in terms of Latvian regional airports, however, I see several competitive regional airports in Latvia.Rolands petersons cpm trading To promote their development, a thorough analysis of the passengers’ potential is needed, starting with linking their activities with the existing types of transport in the surrounding region, forming a support strategy to attract new aviation communities, passengers, and additional services for client groups, bearing in mind that the added value of airports is formed by airlines operating there, strategic cooperation partners and service providers.Rolands petersons cpm trading Without a doubt, it is also essential to study the ultimate goals of tourist destinations, in order to promote the growth of the travel market and ensure its positive impact on the economy.

    Infrastructure for a variety multifaceted of commercial activities

    The strategic objective of the regional airports is a creation of the favorable and unified conditions for the enterprises and institutions operating there, as well as to proactive procurement of a sufficient infrastructure for the development various of commercial activities. It is also necessary to develop new ways of cooperation in order to actively identify airlines that are ready to join the development of new travel destinations and to expand their market share in the airport. Apart from this, it is necessary to work on the incentive prerequisites for launching new flights.Rolands petersons cpm trading
    The imperfection of the transport system can no longer be an obstacle, with the 85 million inhabitants who live in the Baltic Sea region, who can be isolated or cut off from the rest of the European Union, or may face serious travel problems.Rolands petersons cpm trading The power generated by the economy and innovation provides the Baltic Sea Region with opportunities to create a modern, forward-looking transport system that will also contribute to the creation of a socially balanced economic policy.

  56. Rolands Petersons, member of the board of CPM Trading SIA,
    Railway transport is one of the most promising modes of inland transport, and, at the moment, it is said to be the crucial element in the economy of Latvia.Rolands petersons cpm trading Considering the entire volume of inland transport, the share of railway freight is about 52%, whereas the volume of the passenger transportation is 6% and in Riga suburban area the number is increasing up to 30%. However, the data summarized by the Ministry of Communications still shows that in Latvia the volume of freight rail transportation by comparison with 2016 has decreased by 8.4% and amounted to 43.792 million tons.

    Traffic congestion can lead to a loss of 200 billion euros
    The mobility of goods is an essential component of the EU internal market; this greatly contributes to the competitiveness of the industry and services in Europe.Rolands petersons cpm trading The types of lengthy transportation as railway can reduce their costs, which arise in connection with the traffic congestion on the roads. The increase of approximately 50% is projected by the year 2050, reaching a volume of almost 200 billion euros per year.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    In the future, it is possible to increase the volume of rail transportation.
    The amount of international rail transportation in 2017 was 42.138 million tons, which showed a decline of 9.1% compared to 2016. However, domestic traffic has increased by 11.5% to 1.653 million tonnes.Rolands petersons cpm trading The volume of transit cargo from the total amount of international rail freight transport amounted to 38.719 million tons, which showed a drop of 6.5% compared to the previous year, the volume of imported goods was 3.067 million tons, or 22.4% less, and the volume of export cargo was 351 800 tons, which was a drop of 2.8 times.Rolands petersons cpm trading In 2016, in Latvia, by rail, 47.821 million tons were transported. Taking into consideration the decline in the international transport sector in 2017, the question is, by which means can we achieve the volume increase? By implementation of the well-considered long-term solutions, it is possible to get back to the level that used to be before the embargo against Russia was introduced in 2013.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Increase of the average commercial speed of freight trains.
    One of the key priorities nowadays is the development of the railway infrastructure, and in this case, it is expected, the railway infrastructure can be financed by the European Union.Rolands petersons cpm trading It is essential to find a solution how to increase the average commercial speed of freight trains since the speed is only about 18 km/h on the majority international routes in Europe. One of the solutions can be the improvement of cooperation between existing infrastructure organizations in Europe.Rolands petersons cpm trading The actual train system needs to be adapted to the needs of the railway freight transport sector, especially in the EU freight rail corridors. This would contribute to the competitiveness of rail transport with other modes of transport, especially with the road transport sector, which infrastructure is easily accessible in all Member States.

    Well-thought-out charge for the use of infrastructure.
    Freight trains pay for each kilometer of the railway infrastructure, which again adversely affects the competitiveness of the railway in comparison with road transport, where such charge is not always introduced. Setting the price that users are required to pay for getting into the infrastructure, it would be necessary to take into account the impact on the environment and pollution, congestion, accidents and other aspects.Rolands petersons cpm trading
    The state should provide a proper support for organizations managing infrastructure, and rail transport enterprises should strive to improve the competitiveness of rail freight services, especially in regards to reliability, filling, elasticity, customer orientation, and the duration and cost of transportation, as these are the main aspects which are considered by an average consignor in selecting any of the available modes of transport.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Elimination imperfections in the liberalization of the freight transport process
    In cooperation with both, the public and private sectors, at the international level, imperfections related to the liberalization of freight rail transport, communication lines procedures, administrative and technical restrictions, monitoring and anticipating performance in the rail freight industry, and fair competition between different modes of transportation. Therefore, it is necessary to find out the ways to make a better use of available EU funding and target it to the rail transport industry in order to achieve improvements in such areas as a coherent approach to policy objectives and funding (while focusing on corridors for freight railways transportation), for the selection, planning and management of projects, as well as for the maintenance of railroad networks.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Not only update, but also regularly support
    It is essential to take to the new level not only the quality of the services provided to carriers and shippers of rail freight but, in general, to improve the competitiveness of rail freight transport; infrastructure managing organizations should not only update and modernize the railway network but also to regularly support it.Rolands petersons cpm trading This is especially important for the corridors of rail freight. If the tracks are not properly maintained, the speed limits will have to be applied and the railway lines will gradually be obstructed.Rolands petersons cpm trading

  57. Transport and logistics industries are of particular importance for the Latvian economy since they have a steady GDP growth and provide services to virtually all other sectors of the national economy.Rolands petersons cpm trading Every year it is emphasized that this sector should be recognized as a priority and extend its promotion, however, the representatives of the transport and logistics sector are looking forward to more concrete and long-term solutions.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    9.1% of the value added to the GDP of Latvia

    Despite the political and economic changes of the last decade, the influence of the transport and logistics industry on the economy of our country remains high: in 2016 the sector increased the value added to the GDP by 9.1%. Moreover, the average monthly gross wage is still higher then in other sectors – in 2016 in other sectors of the economy it was 859 euros, whereas in storage and transportation sector the average gross wage is about 870 euros (1,562 euros – water transport, 2,061 euros – air transport, 1059 euros in the of storage and auxiliary transport activities, etc.).

    Special economic area as an additional support

    The positive examples of the logistics industry are the ports that have developed a good structure.Rolands petersons cpm trading Riga and Ventspils ports function as free ports, and the Liepaja port is included in the Liepaja Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Companies operating in free ports and SEZ can receive not only the 0 tax rate for customs, excise, and value-added tax but also a discount of up to 80% of the company’s income and up to 100% of the real estate tax.Rolands petersons cpm trading The port is actively implementing various investment projects related to the construction and development of industrial and distribution parks. The attraction of investments promotes the creation of higher added value, development of production, expansion of a spectrum of given services and creation of new workplaces. It is necessary to bring to the attention the small ports – SKULTE, Mersrags, SALACGRiVA, Pavilosta, Roja, Jurmala, and Engure, which currently occupy a stable position in the Latvian economy and have already become regional economic activity centers.

    Port of Liepaja, will be the next Rotterdam.

    There is also a wide range of opportunities for growth, and a number of actions that can be taken to meet projected targets.Rolands petersons cpm trading There is a strong need for the services with high added value, the increase of the processed volumes of cargo by attracting new freight flows, high-quality passenger service and an introduction of modern technologies and information systems in the area of transit and logistics. Liepaja port has all the chances to become the second Rotterdam in the foreseeable future.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Latvia as a distribution center for cargos from Asia and the Far East.

    One of the most important issues for further growth of the port and special economic zone is the development of logistics and distribution centers, mainly focusing on the attraction of goods from Asia and the Far East.Rolands petersons cpm trading Latvia can serve as a distribution center for cargos in the Baltic and Scandinavian countries for Asia and the Far East (f.e. China, Korea). The tax regime of the Liepaja Special Economic Zone in accordance with the Law “On Taxation in Free Ports and Special Economic Zones” on December 31, 2035.Rolands petersons cpm trading This allows traders to conclude an agreement on investment and tax concession until December 31, 2035, until they reach a contractual level of assistance from the investments made. Considering the range of benefits provided by this status, it is necessary to consider the possible extension of the term.

    Infrastructure development and expansion of warehouse space

    Our advantage lies in the fact that there is not only a strategic geographical position but also a developed infrastructure that includes deep-water berths, cargo terminals, pipelines and territories free from the cargo terminal. Apart from this, we can add a good structure of pre-industrial zone, distribution park, multi-purpose technical equipment, as well as the high level of security not only in terms of delivery but also in terms of the storage and handling of goods. In the future, it would be advisable to pay more attention to access roads (railways and highways), increase the volume of storage facilities, and increase the number of services provided by ports. Participation in international industry exhibitions and conferences will make it possible to attract additional foreign investments and will contribute to the improvement of international image.Rolands petersons cpm trading

  58. The transport development has caused objective problems for traffic in cities around the world, including Latvia, and the reason for this is a rapid increase in the number of vehicles.Rolands petersons cpm trading Road congestion is the most urgent problem in a trip planning because it affects the total time of transportation and, therefore, costs that have a particular relevance to the logistics industry.Rolands petersons cpm trading The quality of the roads, a painful subject in the past, has a significant impact on transportation time. Without high-quality roads, it is impossible to improve the efficiency of transport, which, in the context of economic globalization, is said to be one of the main directions for the logistics development.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Promises against statistics

    At the end of 2017, according to the report “Global Competitiveness Index”, which was annually compiled by experts from the World Economic Forum, Latvia was not ranked among the top 100 countries of the world’s rating.Rolands petersons cpm trading (out of 137 countries participating in the ranking, Latvia took 107th place, and Lithuania and Estonia took the 37th and 38th places) Despite this, VAS (State Roads of Latvia) announced that, despite the increase in traffic on Latvian roads, their quality has been improved in recent years.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    EU assessment – Stable 3 points.

    In 2017, 65.1 million euros were spent on the development of the national roads, including 32.3 million for the summer period works, and 32.8 million for the winter period works.Rolands petersons cpm trading In the same year, it was also planned to spend 37 million more, compared with the previous year.Rolands petersons cpm trading However, even these investments have not resulted in the average level of road quality in the European Union. According to the latest report, the average level in the EU is estimated at 4.76 points, Latvia, compared to that has been given 3.05 points.

    The state of the roads not only hinders the development of the logistics industry but also contributes to the disproportionate level and the pace of social and economic development of the regions.Rolands petersons cpm trading The most remote regions of Latvia can develop tourism facilities, offer industrial premises for entrepreneurs, etc. however, if there is no road system to get to these cites, no results shall be expected.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Financing is eight times less than it needs to be.

    “Requests for the organization of roads,” “Road quality is catastrophic” – these headlines often appear in the mass media, while road maps try to reduce the existing damage by implementation of available sources, however, there is no sign of a significant improvement, when the funding is eight times less than it is necessary. At the same time, we make the mistake of struggling only with the consequences of the disease, when we need to identify the root of the problem and take the preventive measures.

    One of the main problems that can be figured out now is the climate of the country, which in Latvia will not change significantly in the future, therefore, the problem will remain constant.Rolands petersons cpm trading The number of vehicles will also increase, so the question is: how to increase financing, which is the most important addition to the urgent issues. 130 million euros are required annually for maintenance and repair works of local and gravel roads but this amount cannot be provided only by EU funds. It is also completely unclear how the situation will look like in 2020, after the end of EU funding program.Rolands petersons cpm trading

    Without the excise tax on fuel, there is no chance for survival

    The fact that the change is expected in 2020, the spring of 2018 is said to be the moment to start an intensive work and stimulate actions – change existing arrangements related to the existing tax system (only a third of the tax, paid by road users, are redirected to roads).Rolands petersons cpm trading The time when it was possible to pull out a part of the income from tax has passed.Rolands petersons cpm trading Furthermore, we need to increase the number of public-private partnership projects in the sphere of the road construction, although this stage requires a proper preparation.

    In addition to financing, other necessary support measures need to be introduced: dumping water from roads in certain areas, timely planning, more restrictive control on roads, etc.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading

  59. Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading has released new forecasts on Poland becoming the logistics centre of Europe. Newest OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) data are indicating the increase of living standards in Poland, positive tendencies in economy and rapid development of the labour market.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading
    Experts at OECD has appreciated a change in the Polish labour market – a fall of the unemployment level to the lowest ever, reaching the lowest point in the last twenty years; labour demand is growing; and everything indicates a significant growth of average wages in the near future. Unemployment levels in Poland in 2017 were low – 4,9% and all the forecast are indicating the continuous fall reaching 4,2% in 2018 and 3,8% in 2019.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading GDP will go on increasing, but a little bit more slowly. Forecasts for 2018 are 4,2%, but in 2019 – 3,7%. It should be mentioned that in 2017 GDP was 4,6%].
    Rolands petersons cpm trading
    Poland should think more about the agricultural production export area. Today agriculture constitutes 5% of GDP, but the biggest part of agricultural production in Poland is producing for own needs]. Export products for the most part are milk products, meat and potatoes.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading By developing its infrastructure, Poland would be able to succeed exports.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading The Baltic Sea provides the opportunity to develop cargo carriage faster than it is done now, according to Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading who offers his thoughts on Poland economy.
    To keep this positive tendency, Poland has to find opportunities to invest in proficiency enhancement, development of infrastructure and innovations. There should be a strategy allowing continuation and even growth of infrastructural investments.
    Rolands petersons cpm trading
    Author: Rolands Petersons, member of the board of Norman Logistics Sp.zo.o.

  60. The strategic objective of the regional airports is a creation of the favorable and unified conditions for the enterprises and institutions operating there, as well as to proactive procurement of a sufficient infrastructure for the development various of commercial activities.Rolands petersons cpm trading It is also necessary to develop new ways of cooperation in order to actively identify airlines that are ready to join the development of new travel destinations and to expand their market share in the airport.Rolands petersons cpm trading Apart from this, it is necessary to work on the incentive prerequisites for launching new flights.Rolands petersons cpm trading
    The imperfection of the transport system can no longer be an obstacle, with the 85 million inhabitants who live in the Baltic Sea region, who can be isolated or cut off from the rest of the European Union, or may face serious travel problems.Rolands petersons cpm trading The power generated by the economy and innovation provides the Baltic Sea Region with opportunities to create a modern, forward-looking transport system that will also contribute to the creation of a socially balanced economic policy

  61. There is also a wide range of opportunities for growth, and a number of actions that can be taken to meet projected targets.Rolands petersons cpm trading There is a strong need for the services with high added value, the increase of the processed volumes of cargo by attracting new freight flows, high-quality passenger service and an introduction of modern technologies and information systems in the area of transit and logistics.Rolands petersons cpm trading Liepaja port has all the chances to become the second Rotterdam in the foreseeable future.Rolands petersons cpm trading

  62. Рядом с РИО в Голутвине Коломна, есть студия Дивия
    самое полное обучение, дают в основном практику

  63. The fact that the change is expected in 2020, the spring of 2018 is said to be the moment to start an intensive work and stimulate actions – change existing arrangements related to the existing tax system (only a third of the tax, paid by road users, are redirected to roads).Rolands petersons cpm trading The time when it was possible to pull out a part of the income from tax has passed.Rolands petersons cpm trading Furthermore, we need to increase the number of public-private partnership projects in the sphere of the road construction, although this stage requires a proper preparation.Rolands petersons cpm trading

  64. There are four international airports operating in Lithuania – in Kaunas, Palanga, Siauliai, and, of course, in Vilnius, and there are more than 30 smaller airports and military airfields.Rolands petersons privatbank In Estonia, airports are mainly located in the capital in Tallinn, as well as in Tartu, Kuressaare, Kerdle and Parnu. These are international airports, however, there are more than 15 private and military airports and so-called airports of local importance located throughout the country.Rolands petersons privatbank Latvia still has only two international airports – in Riga and in Liepaja; there are also small airdromes, for example, in Spilva, in Tukums and Ventspils, and several other military flight platforms though. Riga International Airport entered the top five rapidly growing airports in Europe last year, which lead to an increase in the number of passengers by 16.2%.Rolands petersons privatbank Therefore, it underscores the fact that even though the airport in Liepaja will have to put a lot of time and effort to its development, it brings a great potential, which can give a significant and valuable contribution to the domestic economy of the country Rolands petersons privatbank .

  65. Liepaja airport is the only example nowadays in terms of
    Latvian regional airports, however, I see several competitive
    regional airports in Latvia.Rolands petersons minicredit To
    promote their development, a thorough analysis of the passengers
    ‘ potential is needed, starting with linking their activities
    with the existing types of transport in the surrounding region,
    forming a support strategy to attract new aviation communities,
    passengers, and additional services for client groups, bearing
    in mind that the added value of airports is formed by airlines
    operating there, strategic cooperation partners and service
    providers.Rolands petersons minicredit Without a doubt, it is
    also essential to study the ultimate goals of tourist
    destinations, in order to promote the growth of the travel
    market and ensure its positive impact on the economy.Rolands
    petersons minicredit

  66. The airport in Liepaja did a great job – in 2015 after its
    reconstruction was completed. At the airport a significant
    drainage effort was undertaken, a new cover for the take-off
    track was laid, the take-off strip was reinforced, the cover
    of the shunting route was improved and expanded, parking places
    for the aircraft were renovated as well.Rolands petersons
    minicredit After Liepaja Airport was certified for commercial
    flights for the summer season in 2016, the Latvian national
    airline “AirBaltic” launched regular flights between Riga and
    Liepaja. During the first half of that year, more than 4,780
    passengers were transported along this route. The five most
    popular destinations for transit flights along the Liepaja
    route include London, Berlin, Moscow, Copenhagen, and Hamburg,
    which, in general, brought very good results.Rolands petersons
    minicredit
    Keeping in mind the processes that are still underway, it is
    important to mention the extensive capacity-building of the
    airports, environment protection in a long-term, enhancement
    of cooperation with other regional airports in Europe.Rolands
    petersons minicredit It is not enough for Latvia to have only
    one high-capacity airport – we have a regional leader who can
    serve as an example of a successful market behavior for others
    .Rolands petersons minicredit

  67. Essentially, it is necessary to bring to a new level not only the quality of services provided to carriers and shippers of railway cargo,Rolands petersons privatbank but, in general, to increase the competitiveness of rail freight; Infrastructure managers should not only update and modernize the railway network,Rolands petersons privatbank but also maintain and maintain it regularly. This is the most important for the corridors of rail transport.Rolands petersons privatbank If the tracks are not serviced in this way, speed limits must be applied and the railway Rolands petersons privatbanklines will gradually die outRolands petersons privatbank

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    -Розыск пропавших людей
    -Розыск должников и их имущества
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